The NIH has a double overview of grant applications, the GAO report explains. The level that is first of occurs in committees with members who have expertise in the subject of the application. More than 40,000 applications are submitted towards the NIH each year, and every committee (there are about 100, with 18 to 20 members per committee) reviews as much as 100 applications. The agency usually follows the recommendations of this committee in approving grant applications. Then there’s a second amount of review, by an council that is advisory consisting of external scientists and lay members of most people, including patient-group advocates as well as the clergy. Peer overview of continuing grants occur during the same time as new projects.
National Science Foundation peer review of grants
The National Science Foundation uses the thought of merit included in its peer review process, the GAO report says. Specialists in the field review grant applications submitted to NSF and discover in the event that proposals meet certain criteria, such as the merit that is intellectual of proposed activity, such as for instance its importance in advancing knowledge; the qualifications regarding the proposing scientist; and also the extent to that the project is creative and original. The criteria also enquire about the broader impacts of the proposal, including how it advances discovery while promoting teaching, and how it benefits society. […]